Practising law requires specialization where lawyers specialize in such matters and can practice the law either as attorneys, attorney at law, solicitor advocate, barrister, counsel, bar at law, barrister at law as well as counsellor but cannot practice as paralegal or executive secretary of the charter. Lawyers are required to effectively applies theories and knowledge in law to solve problems as well as advance interests of their clients in legal services. Arguing in court of law orally on behalf of their clients, doing research and making drafts papers used in a court to argue a case, and counselling their clients and giving them legal advice on issues are some of the duties of lawyers. There are also other things that lawyers may require to advance for their clients including protecting property that is intellectual such as trademarks, patent and designs, drafting contracts as well as drafting trusts, wills and other documents that ensure disposition of a property after a person’s death.
Lawyers also have specialization where a lawyers opt to only work on a given line of issues to serve their clients such as divorce lawyers, civil lawyers, criminal lawyers, personal injury lawyers among others. Criminal lawyers specializes in defending companies and individuals who have been charged with criminal activities in a court of law. There should be a direct communication between the clients and the criminal lawyer to advice the client according on the criminal case at hand which should be honest advice. Criminal lawyers are required to avoid situations that may lead to conflict of interest where they should only have and represent one client in a single criminal matter.
Privacy and privilege for clients is key on any information exchanged between the client and the criminal lawyer including advise given. This privilege is exempted where the clients may use the advice offered to commit more crimes, doing body harm and injury to themselves as well as committing suicide. A criminal lawyer is also required to perform their duties with zeal to ensure that the defence they present in a court of law on behalf of their clients is viable. Since facts are viable in a defence in a court of law, the criminal lawyer should look for all sources of these facts that relate to the case such as reviewing the reports from the police, interviewing the witnesses, among others. It is also a requirement that criminal lawyers need to be honest when defending their clients in a court of law. A person or company which has been faced with criminal charges in a court of law need to seek as suitable criminal defence lawyer to represent them. The lawyers ensures that one is not biased in any way to hinder their defence.